Airdrop refers to the distribution of a reserve of tokens, usually to users who have completed certain actions or fulfill certain criterias.
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The highest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.
The lowest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.
A cryptocurrency or a category of cryptocurrencies that are an alternative to bitcoin. Many altcoins project themselves as better alternatives to bitcoin in various ways (e.g. more efficient, less expensive, etc.).
Atomic Swap is a term used to define a feature that allows exchanging cryptocurrencies that operate in different block chains, but without intermediaries. For example, to move from Bitcoin to Ethereum, a centralized exchange house is currently needed, since they are different block chains. Atomic Swap would allow you to send your bitcoins to the person who gives you ethereums in exchange for a single blockchain transaction that is reflected in both block chains.
Bitcoin is the name of a peer-to-peer (P2P) digital currency, which is sometimes referred to as bitcoin (with lower “b”) or simply BTC. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, which means it is a digital currency that is protected by cryptographic techniques. It was the first cryptocurrency that came into existence, and the first Bitcoin block - known as the genesis block (or block 0) - was mined on the 3rd of January 2009.
Contrary to bull market, it indicates the direction of the market going for downward trend. It is called "bear" market because as bear attacks, it motions its paws downward - describing the movement of the market.
A bull market indicates the direction of the market going for upward trend. It is called "bull" market because when bull thrusts its horns, it moves upward into the air. The same motion to describe the movement of the market.
Circulating supply can be defined as the supply that is currently in the hands of the general public. In the case of fairly mined proof-of-work systems (eg. Bitcoin), the total supply is approximately equivalent to the circulating supply, as there are no token generation events which puts large amounts of tokens in the hands of a select few. On the contrary, initial coin offering (ICO) which have token generation events typically have a lower circulating supply vs. the total supply, such that: Circulating supply = Total Supply - Team tokens - Foundation tokens - Locked tokens
In contrast to hot storage which are typically online to allow for fast deposit/withdrawal, cold storage refers to the offline storage of cryptocurrencies through the use of hardware non-custodial wallets, wallet files stored in USB or offline computers, as well as paper wallets.
A form of digital currency that utilizes cryptographic protocols to record ownership, prevent counterfeit (when ownership and transaction gets logged onto the blockchain). Bitcoin is one of the most successful examples which combines peer-to-peer networking, cryptography and incentivization by design to create a cryptocurrency.
Describes a system where there are no centralized points of failure (eg. a pillar that holds an entire structure up), or an organization that has no central authority figure. Bitcoin is an example of a decentralized system.
Decentralized Finance (DeFi) refers to the movement of building decentralized financial applications that have no central authority and is censorship free. DeFi applications cover many use cases and a few popular ones are stablecoins, lending/borrowing and trading (decentralized excanges). By removing the middleman in systems, DeFi applications are able to achieve a better rate of returns for its users, while lowering barrier of entry as the application does not discriminate or censor any particular party from joining.
Ledgers whose data is stored and synced across a network of nodes. A distributed ledger is not limited to cryptocurrency (transactional data) and can store many other kinds of data. It can also be set up to be permission and private.
ERC stands for Ethereum Request for Command, and ERC-20 is one of the most widely used token standards in Ethereum to create fungible, exchangeable tokens. ERC-20 tokens can easily work with majority of decentralized applications that support the standard. With ERC-20, existing products will not have to worry about accepting tokens that have different standards and this has helped spur development of various decentralized applications within the Ethereum ecosystem. Most tokens that have been released as a result of initial coin offers (ICOs) are of the ERC-20 standard.
A unit of measurement of the computational effort in conducting transactions or smart contracts on Ethereum blockchain. It is equivalent to 'fuel' - how much fuel (gas) does it take to conduct the requested transaction on Ethereum network.
Short for “Return on Investment”, the ratio between the net profit and cost of investing.
Participation in a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) system to put your tokens in to serve as a validator to the blockchain and receive rewards.
Trading volume is considered a reference point for how active is a market is performing. It also implies liquidity as higher trading volume implies more traders in the market.
In the context of the cryptocurrency industry, a whitepaper is often published prior towards launching a crypto/blockchain project to explain the issues that the project aims to address as well as the steps it will take towards addressing it. The foremost whitepaper that kickstarted the tradition of publishing a whitepaper along with lauching a project is the renowned bitcoin whitepaper published in October 2008 by the pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto. Which succintly explained the need for a peer-to-peer digital cash system and how bitcoin will function in 8 short pages.